BIRMINGHAM, England Jan. 30, 2013— — Malala Yousafzai, the 15-year-old Pakistani schoolgirl who survived a Taliban attack and turned a global icon of resistance, will quickly have surgery to repair her shattered skull and broken hearing.

In the following 10 days, Yousafzai will undergo a three-hour procedure to attach a titanium plate to a large gap in her head and to implant a cochlear hearing gadget to substitute her destroyed eardrum, the hospital where she will endure the surgical procedure announced today.

The procedures, which can be carried out by the same surgeons who deal with British soldiers injured in Afghanistan, will set the teenager on a road to recovery that will permit her to kick-start her work as a world advocate for ladies’ education and to start a comparatively normal life in Birmingham, England.

“We’re very hopeful that in the event you met her in two years time, there’d be no outward signal really that she’d been via what she’s been by way of,” Dr. If you are you looking for more information on titanium tube ( check out our own web page. Dave Rosser, the medical director of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, told ABC News in an interview in the present day. “It allows her to start anew.”

Yousafzai was shot level blank, three times final October. One of many bullets hit her left brow. Traveled underneath the pores and skin along her head. The bullet itself did not damage her skull, however its shock wave shattered her skull’s thinnest bone and broken the mushy tissues at the bottom of her jaw and neck, in accordance with the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, the place she has been recuperating and the place she is going to undergo her surgeries.

Doctors in Pakistan saved her life by eradicating a piece of her skull, decreasing stress on her brain because it swelled from the shock wave. The massive gap that medical doctors left — roughly one-third of one aspect of her head — will now be covered in a surgical procedure known as a titanium cranioplasty.

“Not solely does it recontour the skull, it protects the brain as properly,” said Dr. Stefan Edmondson, a maxillofacial prosthetist who created the titanium plate. “There isn’t any reason it shouldn’t stay there for the rest of her life.”

Her medical doctors will shave her head and drape back the flap of skin masking the outlet, exposing the dura, the fibrous membrane that covers her mind, the hospital said in a statement emailed to the media. The .6 millimeter-thick plate will then be secured to her skull with screws positioned into 2 millimeter-deep holes drilled into her head. The flap of skin will then be draped back over the plate and stitched into place.

Her medical doctors in Pakistan saved the piece of skull in her abdomen, hoping it will survive and be reinserted into her skull. But Malala, her family, and the hospital decided titanium was a better choice quite than attempting to reinsert a bit of bone that might carry an infection.

“The bone has been beneath her pores and skin for quite some time,” Rosser mentioned. “And a few of the calcium in it could have been reabsorbed. So it could be barely smaller than it was, actually it will be slightly thinner and less strong than it was.”

The titanium sheet plate “emulate[s] the piece of bone that’s been taken away,” mentioned Edmondson.

“We start off with a flat sheet of the titanium, and we begin urgent it inside the two-half mold,” he defined, holding the plate in what appears like a stamping machine. “And this is finished over a interval of one or two weeks, and now we have to maintain revisiting it, in a sense, to chop it down slightly, make modifications.”

In the second process, the small cochlear machine will probably be implanted to permit her to hear again in her left ear. The bullet that damaged her skull also destroyed her eardrum and all the bones she needs to listen to, the hospital said.

“There are social benefits to that when it comes to knowing who’s talking to you in a crowded room. And there are apparent security benefits in realizing where the car is coming from when you’re crossing the highway,” Rosser mentioned.

Yousafzai underwent emergency surgeries while nonetheless in Pakistan, and compared to these, her docs in Birmingham have mentioned these procedures can be much less traumatic. They final solely three hours, and she will probably be an outpatient within every week or two, they have predicted. Nine individuals will carry out the surgeries, together with two neurosurgeons and a burns and plastics marketing consultant surgeon.

Individually, they’re relatively routine. The hospital performs 50 of every process every year. But Rosser admitted that it is extraordinarily uncommon for the hospital to perform both at the identical time — particularly on somebody who has undergone as a lot trauma as Yousafzai has.

“Certainly doing the two collectively in any person who’s already had a facial nerve reconstruction and the opposite stuff she’s had accomplished I think is pretty unique,” Rosser said.

He revealed today for the first time that Yousafzai has already undergone surgery in Birmingham to repair her broken facial nerve. Her face was now not symmetrical and she could not shut her mouth correctly, Rosser instructed ABC News. Post-surgery, her face has not less than an 80 percent likelihood of healing totally in the following 9-18 months.

But Rosser stated Yousafzai reveals no signs on long-time period harm, is in a position to talk and read and is anticipated to make a full restoration.

“She’s acquired some difficult occasions forward, inevitably,” he advised ABC News. “But she is as I’ve stated, very, very robust.